periodization

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Immune System and Exercise: Recovery and Diet Really Are Important

The immune system plays an interesting role in exercise, recovery, and adaptations from exercise. In an article I read years ago I had read that delayed onset muscle soreness (that soreness we get 24-48 hours post-exercise) tracks well with the timeline for the immune system response to that exercise session. In other words, we might become sore from exercise due to the fact that the immune system is attacking/repairing the damage that we did.   Peake et al had an...

Strength and Conditioning Changes as Athletes Advance

sliding into first base

  Recently I was asked a question via Twitter. The question was about eccentric training with real-world athletes. The question got me thinking about the appropriateness of different tools for different levels of athletes.   When you are looking at athletes, I think athletes broadly fall into two developmental stages with regards to strength and conditioning.  In the first stage, improving strength and conditioning improves athletic abilities and performance.  So, for example, increasing strength has an impact on power expressed on the...

Power Development, Part II: Cautions

In a previous post (http://www.cissik.com/blog/2017/01/power-development-part-i-foundations/ ), we covered some of the qualities that are necessary to have an explosive athlete. Before jumping into the nuts and bolts of power training, it’s important to keep things in perspective. This post is going to cover six cautions to keep in mind with power training and your athletes: Too much of a good thing Don’t let power training distract from your goal Our athletes are not Olympic lifters There is no best It’s...

Strategies To Increase Strength

Strength is an important ability for athletes. Strength is necessary for sprinting, agility, throwing, hitting, kicking, and jumping.  It’s a frequent topic of mine with social media because a lot of people have been conditioned to think about according to the old periodization texts.   In those texts, you spend the bulk of the year developing hypertrophy and gradually transitioning to maximal strength training. You may spend 4-8 weeks of the year with maximal strength training, then you focus on...

The Challenge With Periodization

  When I entered the coaching field, strength and conditioning was very different than it is today. The focus of the strength and conditioning coach was on the Olympic lifts, the three power lifts, and some bodybuilding. In other words, the focus was on the weight room. Along the way, plyometrics were introduced thanks to Don Chu and Jimmy Radcliffe. Then strength and conditioning coaches began turning to track and field coaches to learn speed training and overnight, the field...