fitness

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Overload: You Can’t Get Better Without It

The overload principle is a fundamental one to strength and conditioning. Basically this says that in order to keep the body adapting, we have to find a way to make the workouts more difficult. If we don’t find a way to continually make the workouts more difficult over time, then we will stop getting stronger, larger, faster, and more powerful.   There’s a lot of ways that we can do this in strength and conditioning. We can increase the weight....

Keep Testing Simple

With sports, testing has two primary purposes. The first is to assess the effectiveness of the strength and conditioning program. The second is to help select who is going to play at what level.   It is very important to assess the effectiveness of the strength and conditioning program. If the athletes are not becoming stronger, faster, better conditioned, and peaking at the correct time then it indicates that something has to change in the program. This is really important...

Exercise Limitations and Down Syndrome

Individuals with Down Syndrome, especially as they age, tend to be characterized with obesity, health-related problems from that obesity, poor fitness, a reduced physical work capacity, as well as hyperflexibility and low muscle tone. In the latest issue of Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, Fernhall et al discuss the cardio-vascular impacts of Down Syndrome and the impact of exercise training on this. The authors begin by discussing the low work capacity (i.e. maximal oxygen consumption) of individuals with Down Syndrome...

Agility is Difficult to Develop

Agility is a challenging subject for many strength and conditioning professionals as well as many athletes. It’s challenging because it is sport-specific, situation-specific, and represents the bringing together of a huge number of physical qualities and skills. In terms of physical qualities; agility requires running speed, an agility to change direction, mobility, strength, power, reaction time, and an ability to see what is going on and select the correct response. While most of these qualities can be improved through training,...

Is Sprinting Important For Field Sports?

With today’s technology we can do a better job of developing and evaluating conditioning programs for sports that have traditionally been challenging to program for due to their varied energy system requirements. Sports like basketball, soccer, and Australian rules football can be challenging to program for. The May issue of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research has an article by Gastin et al which evaluates the impact of fitness and training variation on athlete performance during a playing season....